Nowadays hundreds of people try to climb Mount Everest. 8,848 meters Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on Earth.
After years of dreaming about it and seven weeks of climbing, New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay reached the top of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, at 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953. They were the first people to ever reach the summit of Mount Everest.
Edmund Hillary was one of the most experienced climbers. He had been doing mountaineering since he was a child and Tenzing Norgay was hired as a guide. He was a Sherpa – a man who lived in a village near Mount Everest.
Hilary and Norgay were the second team who tried to climb Mount Everest in 1953. The first team consisted of Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans.because of the weather they didn’t reach the summit. Although they had reached an altitude of 8,760 meters.
Hilary and Norgay were luckier. The last part of the route took 5 hours. They spent only 15 minutes on the summit. Most of the time they were taking photos and looking around.
After getting back, Hillary’s first words were “Well, we knocked the bastard off “. The news of their success had spread rapidly and they had become heroes.
First attempts to climb the mountain were made by British explores in the 1920s. In 1924, George Mallow and Andrew Irvine disappeared while climbing.
For Mallory, it was the third attempt to reach the summit. He was carrying extra oxygen-tanks but they are heavy and unreliable. The weather on the day of the last part of the trip was shiny. But Mount Everest is famous for its sudden shifts of the weather.
In the evening it was covered with snow. The last time they were seen near the peak. Then they vanished in the clouds and had never got back.
Mallory’s frozen body was discovered in 1999. It is unknown whether the alpinists died before or after reaching the summit.
All in all, Hillary and Norgay were the first who got back after reaching the summit.
Edmund Hillary was born in Auckland, New Zealand, in 1919 and died of a heart attack at the age of 88 in 2008 and Tenzing Norgay was born in the Solu Khumbu area near mount Everest and died in 1986.