Many people also acquire their knowledge about psychology in the popular media more generally, including movies and television. As well versed as you may be in the topic, though, I'd venture to guess that there are a few facts from psychology's inner reserves that you haven't quite tapped.
The misconceptions about therapy are rampant in the media but the most important fact of all, the fact that therapy works is rarely advertised.
A lobotomy is the most gruesome brain surgery procedure that is expected to cure patients with mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, PTSD, and depression. The initiator of this lobotomy practice was a Portuguese neurologist named António Egas Moniz. After that it was developed by world neurosurgeons including Walter Freeman. This practice is intended to make mental patients calmer.
Three lobotomy surgical procedures:
At the start of the application of the lobotomy, the patient's skull at the front will be perforated. From this hole, the doctor injects ethanol solution to destroy the fibers in the prefrontal lobe. These fibers connect the prefrontal lobe to the rest of the brain.
The procedure was updated by damaging the front of the brain with an iron wire. This wire is also inserted through the hole in the skull.
Walter Freeman invented a new, more controversial, method. Without piercing the skull, Walter will cut the front of the brain with a special tool like a screwdriver with a very sharp iron tip. This device is inserted through the patient's eye into the prefrontal lobe. The patient is not anesthetized with a drug, but is shocked with a special electric wave so that the patient is unconscious. It hurts to imagine it.
This practice can make the patient "calmer" because the patient's brain is damaged more so that the patient is completely paralyzed both physically and mentally, the patient can no longer do physical or mental activities such as walking, thinking, talking, etc. The patient becomes like a living corpse because he can't do anything just lying on the bed. At that time, according to them this practice made it easier for the family because it was easier to care for him without having to face his aggressive attitude again. And many patients also died after undergoing this surgery due to severe brain hemorrhage.
This practice was rampant from the 1935–1980s. However, by the 1980's lobotomy was stopped and it was banned from being practiced.