Strict new nationwide lockdowns came into force in England and Scotland, which cabinet office minister Michael Gove said could last in some form until March. People in England must stay at home and only go out for essential reasons. Primary and secondary schools have moved to online learning for all pupils apart from vulnerable and keyworker children.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced on Monday a new national lockdown for England until at least mid-February to combat a fast-spreading new variant of the coronavirus, even as Britain ramped up its vaccination program by becoming the first nation to start using the shot developed by Oxford University and drug maker AstraZeneca.

Johnson said people must stay at home again, as they were ordered to do so in the first wave of the pandemic in March, this time because the new virus variant was spreading in a "frustrating and alarming" way.

"As I speak to you tonight, our hospitals are under more pressure from COVID than at any time since the start of the pandemic," he said in a televised address. The main difference between the November lockdown and the new seven-week shutdown is that Mr Johnson has given up on his attempt to protect education the last part of the economy he wanted to close. 

Lockdown has been imposed in United Kingdom from 5th January and it includes the following:

Stay home: only leave for work, medical appointments, hospitals and essential grocery.

Exercise allowed once a week in outdoors, that too with family members only.

Schools, colleges and universities closed. Only special schools and educational institutes open.

Non-essential shops, brands, shopping malls, leisure and entertainment venues closed for public.

Takeaway open but restaurants and eateries for indoor & outdoor eating closed.