Often, type 2 diabetes is diagnosed accidentally during a routine blood test. Diabetes creeps up slowly, often with no signs and symptoms. Some of the early signs of this disease may be associated with other causes. Are you aware of early signs of Type 2 diabetes?
With type 1 diabetes, the symptoms usually happen quickly, in a matter of days or a few weeks. They're much more severe, too. Why getting diagnosed is essential? If you have pre-diabetes and take care of your health, you may be able to avoid getting full-blown diabetes. If you have type 2, you can better manage your care and avoid the many health complications of diabetes.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Early signs of type 2 diabetes are many, but you may not be aware of them. Unfortunately, as sugar levels shoot up, the disease often causes irreversible damage to the body in different ways. That is why you must monitor your health regularly and go for routine health check-ups.
A family history of diabetes puts you at greater risk of developing the disease, as does obesity, poor eating habits, sedentary lifestyle, and age.
If you suffer from one or more (or all) of these, get your blood sugar tested.
Needing to urinate very often – as the blood sugar levels are higher than average, the kidneys try to expel the excess sugar by removing all liquid from your body, so you need to pee constantly.
Increased thirst – this results in your feeling thirsty. You might have a dry mouth, so you drink more water.
Feeling very hungry, even if you have eaten recently – this occurs because your cells cannot use the nutrition available, thanks to reduced insulin levels in the body.
Inexplicable weight loss – as you pee a lot, you lose the calories in the form of sugar. You will lose weight even if you are eating normally.
Fatigue or being more tired than warranted – you cannot use the energy that the food is supposed to give you. Plus, you get dehydrated from frequent urination. It results in reduced energy levels and fatigue.
Blurred vision or poor eyesight – when your body’s sugar levels are high, it causes you to have reduced mental focus and causes vision problems.
Nerve pain or tingling in the hands and feet – high sugar levels in the blood can cause nerve damage resulting in pain and tingling in the extremities. It can also cause headaches.
Sores or wounds that take longer to heal – again, high sugar levels reduce your body’s ability to heal wounds and cuts.
While these are some of the early signs of Type 2 diabetes, there are other indicators of high and low blood sugar levels. You should be alert for these and be indications of diabetic hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. Hypoglycemia is caused by excess medication or insufficient food intake, delayed meals, or other reasons.
The symptoms include:
Breaking out in a sweat
Palpitations or an increased heartbeat
Moodiness or irritability
Nervousness or anxiety
If you suspect that you may be experiencing any of the early signs of type 2 diabetes, talk to your doctor right away. Early diagnosis and swift treatment can significantly reduce the risk of serious and life-threatening complications.