Hitler’s most loyal sycophant. Heinrich Himmler ruthlessly dispatched those who stood in his ways as he rose to a position of power that was second only to the Fuhrer, in the end, he spectacularly betrayed his master- only to be felled by his hand.
Himmler was one of the most powerful men in the Nazi State. He was a fanatical Nazi and loyal to Hitler almost to the end. Himmler under orders from Hitler founded the SS and under him, it became a fearsome force, that killed countless. Himmler was also a very important figure in the Holocaust and his SS were instrumental in the killing of Jews and others during the war years.
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler is a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany. Himmler was one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany and a main architect of the Holocaust. As a member of a reserve battalion during World War I, Himmler did not see active service. He studied agronomy in university, and joined the Nazi Party in 1923 and the SS in 1925. In 1929, he was appointed Reichsführer-SS by Adolf Hitler.
Over the next 16 years, he developed the SS from a mere 290-man battalion into a million-strong paramilitary group, and set up and controlled the Nazi concentration camps. He was known for good organisational skills and for selecting highly competent subordinates, such as Reinhard Heydrich in 1931. From 1943 onwards, he was both Chief of German Police and Minister of the Interior, overseeing all internal and external police and security forces, including the Gestapo (Secret State Police). He controlled the Waffen-SS, the military branch of the SS. Due to his lifelong interest in occultism, Himmler interpreted Germanic neopagan and Völkisch beliefs to promote the racial policy of Nazi Germany and incorporated esoteric symbolism and rituals into the SS.
Himmler formed the Einsatzgruppen and built extermination camps. As overseer of the Nazi genocidal programs, Himmler directed the killing of some six million Jews, between 200,000 and 500,000 Romani people, and other victims. The total number of civilians killed by the regime is estimated at eleven to fourteen million people. Most of them were Polish and Soviet citizens.
Late in World War II, Hitler briefly appointed him a military commander and later Commander of the Replacement (Home) Army and General Plenipotentiary for the administration of the entire Third Reich.
Specifically, he was given command of the Army Group Upper Rhine and the Army Group Vistula. After failing to achieve his assigned objectives, Hitler replaced him in these posts. Realising the war was lost, Himmler attempted to open peace talks with the western Allies without Hitler's knowledge, shortly before the end of the war. Hearing of this, Hitler dismissed him from all his posts in April 1945 and ordered his arrest.
Himmler attempted to go into hiding, but was detained and then arrested by British forces once his identity became known. While in British custody, Three days later, on May 23, 1945, Himmler committed suicide by biting on a cyanide capsule that was hidden in his mouth.