The vagina is sealed leaving a small hole for the girl to menstruate or urinate. But first, understand what is FGM?

FGM is the non-medical practice that intentionally removes female genital organs. Often girls are cut when they are still very young in some cases under the age of 5. FGM is practiced all over the world but is predominant in 30 countries. Some of those countries' high prevalence rates mean that nearly all girls still experience FGM.

There are four types of FGM:


Clitoridectomy means the removal of the clitoris and the labia

Infibulation meaning a narrowing of the vaginal opening sometimes through stitching

Types for all other harmful procedures not covered by the first three including pricking, Stretching, scraping, or even using acid to mutilate parts of the genitalia. Once more for everyone in the back. It is non-medical and has zero health benefits, but it can cause a lot of other things.

Severe bleeding

Complications in childbirth

Urinating problems

Menstruating problems

Having sex mental health issues shock death. More than 200 million women have undergone female genital mutilation. FGM with 3 million more at risk every single year. FGM is violence against women and girls. Child abuse, Sexual Assault. Often, it's about controlling female sexuality a tradition to prepare women for marriage. Allegedly to purify them for their husbands. Sometimes it's done to girls because it was done to their mothers. As a rite of passage or a coming of age ritual or even without much of an explanation at all. At birth, many women have to be cut again because the vagina opening is too small for the passage of the baby. It also causes urinary tract infections in women, fistulae, and infertility, etc. The worst thing is that this is done to women by women.

It’s a cycle of social pressure, that’s hard to shake but not impossible. Many people in these countries want the practice to end forever and through is it often shrouded in secrecy. Many survivors told global citizens they wanted to talk about the reality of FGM so that they can help end it altogether. We should probably mention FGM is not a religious exercise. It happens in Christian Muslim and Jewish communities, but there is nothing in any of their holy books that teaches it. FGM is violence against girls.